26
Mar
18

repair of the UDI drone/ state of the drone/ updated

What happens when you try to connect a 2S battery to a 1S powered drone. A faster more responsive vehicle ? No,  a smoked transistor! What does happen to these small components is that it isn’t exactly smoked, it popped right off the circuit board, nowhere to be found.

So I would take a chance, to practice my soldering skills and replace the transistor.  I went online and found the transistors, 20 of them for 95 cents USD . A small quantity seeing that most quantities start off at 100 pieces. They arrived and they are miniscule, here compared to the old school through hole transistors days past.

fullsizeoutput_1919

The 2300 FET on top of a through hole can type semiconductor.

here’s the packaging..

IMG_4531

Now the repair.. the 2nd from the left of the row of transistors, also had to fashion a wire to replace a section of the copper trace that was burnt off the board. Not to mention I used a 600 power  microscope  to see and clean up the board before soldering. Not real expensive microscope for it’s functions and potential, but working with  boards that will require soldering headers or wires and repairs it makes it easier to see than balancing a Ipad and using that as a magnifier.

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Now for the test ??????????… ……………………………………….. flight again !

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The old UDI unplugged version, is a favorite flyer and even though just a toy, a good test to repair and modify props and get some basic flying skills in, other power modifications  such as using a bigger power source such as a 2S power LIPO through a 5 volt BEC (voltage regulator)  which did not work. This is the goto drone for flying and testing as I have numerous 1S batteries for use.

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The ALPHA1 250 Class Drone

 IMG_4611

First 250 class drone build

 (carbon Fibre version)
Description:
1.5mm thick carbon fiber fuselage frame components.
Machined carbon fibre propulsion support arms  3.0mm thickness
 Jin Zhuzai alumium standoffs ,lightweight stanchions
Specifications:
– Main material: Full carbon fiber
– With rubber dampers to decrease vibration during flight (not in use)
-Jin Zhuzai alumium alloy spacers, light weight, reliable
– Wheelbase: 250mm class ALPHA1
– Hull Plating : None
– Photonic emitters : None
– Landing gear : Jin Zhuzai alumium standoffs, bottom of chassis
Propulsion System:
SI-Monk 12A ESC Speed Controller  X4

Specifications:
Continuous Current: 12A
Burst current (10S): 15A
Li-xx Battery (cell): 1-3
Dimension (L*W*H): 25mm x 17mm x 7mm
Weight wires Included: 8g
BEC Mode: Linear
BEC Output: 1A/5V
Programmable: Yes Rotation direction of the motor is programmable: normal, reverse or bidirectional
All parameters can be programmed via using a program card or a transmitter, including default settings
Multiple protection features including low voltage cut-off protection/over-heat protection/throttlesignal loss protection
Alarm to help you find the devices: keep the throttle on FULL ON position for a while, the ESC will help
Throttle range can be configured and is fully compatible with all receivers, providing smooth, linear and precise throttle response.

2300KV 2204 Brushless Motor X4

Parameters:

KV: 2300
MAX Thrust: 440 G
Battery Cell:2~3S
Framework: 12N14P
Propeller: 5″~6″
Length: 32.2 MM
Diameter: 27.9 MM
Shaft : 3 MM

Air suction system design, rapid cooling, higher efficiency and longer life
U clip prevents bearing from loosening
High precision CNC machining exquisite design, stern quality control revealing the user taste and position
The rotation direction of motor was marked on the front bell, making it easier to determine rotation direction for CW and CCW motors
Low CG design, decreasing vibration whe motor runs Light weight built
Designed for mini multicopters, better flight performance
CW and CCW propeller adapters included, holding the propellers tight.
Hex wrenches and propeller wrench included with mounting hardware.

Flight Controller; Programming and Calbration

CC3D EVO Flight Controller Board 32 Bits Processor Openpilot Side Pin For QAV250 Quadcopter

Buying this flight controller some time ago, the progress in flight controller development  is swift. One could devote all their time to just the software and programming of these microprocessors rather than flying drones. Support for some of these boards can drift in and out of favor.  When working with an open source project it also may lose support , that being the software required to calibrate, program and adjust the flight controller. You can go the YouTube , Google it route, for advisement but the reality that I have found is that you  eventually get the system to connect and function without getting into specifics like boot loaders and compatibility ,Yes you can get on the internet merry-go-round to get solutions from videos and forums, but some are cryptic without results or merit. I found that DRonin flight control ground station, a GUI based program, is compatible with the CC3D board. Even using different platforms , a Macbook versus Windows machine didn’t produce the same results, windows would work but the Mac version of DRonin didn’t.  The big boys heave the obsolete hardware and move on but me being the stubborn variety , (HACK IT)  will get it to work even though to some it’s a miniscule amount of money involved. (generally I buy and build by the piece by piece method and tackle it when the mood strikes), I’m often late the party. That’s why I have probably 10 different GCS packages on different computers.

Building Alpha1 first as a test bed, the frame is basic and the wiring is complete enough for testing. A 2S battery provides power for testing and short power ups. A 4 channel Sunfounder receiver and TU transmitter is used to test the input to the flight controller. Once it is tuned, I’ll clean up the wiring and build up chassis  and add enhancements. 6 channel reciever, transmitter, video, transmitter etc.

IMG_4611IMG_4612

UPDATE:

One more try with the Libre Pilot Ground Control Software . After reading a few more notes from online sources, with no power, shorted the boot pins, and connected the USB cable to the flight controller. Boot loader did it’s thing and reflashed firmware. Rebooted and was able to use the Librepilot system. Next with a circular bubble level on the chassis, made sure it was properly level. As you may take this for granted that your bench or desktop is level. (similar to a basic configuration of any machine surface, you want to calibrate that the bed is level, thus accurate readings of the sensors on the flight controller).

Now the battery that was used for the test flight and bench top configuration was woefully under powered as the drone did not react properly only lifting off several inches. Soldering up some connectors for a larger battery capacity type and fastening it on the underbelly provided the final piece to the puzzle. Hover time and maneuvering test completed. One prop blade snapped.

img_4644

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